1. ‘Man’, ‘animal’, ‘bird’, ‘insect’, ‘fly’, ‘tree’, ‘hill’ etc. are so many names for the ‘body’, that is to say they acquaint us with different bodies.
2. This ‘body’ is born, grows for a time and thereafter dissolves into the five elements. It is a material object and is not self-conscious. This is the nature of all material objects.
3. Inside this ‘body’ there is another material object called the ‘mind’ which suffers the pains and pleasures of the ‘body’. This ‘mind’ is also subject to destruction and change.
4. He who takes or bears this ‘body’ and ‘mind’ is jiva (in the state of bondage). The jiva is self-conscious and devoid of birth and death. The jiva takes different ‘bodies’ and ‘minds’ as the result of selfish enjoyment (karma).
5. The jiva cannot suffer the pains and pleasures of the material body.
6. This jiva is the eternal worshiper of Vishnu. All jivas are Vaishnavas.
7. The Vaishnava cannot be properly included within any class or condition of people judged by the criteria of ‘body’ and ‘mind’.
8. If the jiva, living inside the body made of the five elements or in a mansion made of brick etc., is eager
to enjoy other bodies, he is called a self-centered or pseudo-householder (grhamedi).
9. But when the jiva inhabiting this mansion knows that he himself is not the house, and also views other mansions as mansion and not as indweller, and does not seek to enjoy the fruits of his labour, or in other words is devoid of the desire for selfish enjoyment, then he is called a house-dweller (grhastha).
10. Kindness to jiva (jive daya) is remedying of this unfortunate condition of those jivas who, belonging to the class of pseudo-householders, suppose themselves to be mansions and not the dwellers there-in.
11. When the house-dweller jiva becomes desirious of being kind to other jivas and wants to make his own
life worth-living by doing good to others, he thereupon becomes a ‘Math-dweller’ (dweller in monastery).
12. The ‘Math-dweller’ is ever kind to jivas; he has no other duty except being kind to jivas,
13. By being kind to jivas one is kind to one’s own self and pleases Krishna. Doing everything for the sake of
Krishna is devotion or service of God.
14. The ‘Math-dweller’ does nothing for his own selfish enjoyment or for increasing the selfish enjoyment of
the seekers of worldly pleasures. Rather he collects all the various objects that are intended for such selfish enjoyment and employs them in the service of Krishna and His devotees.
15. The ‘Math-dweller’ giving up for good all evil association lives in good companionship and abstains from
dissipating games, intoxicants; sensuous association with females, slaughter of animals and earning of money for his own selfish enjoyment.
16. The ‘Math-dweller* preaches the afore-said principles by practising them himself.
17. The ‘Math-dweller’ without being himself attacked by bees or serpents, with dexterity gathering honey and hood-jewels (which others either use for their own selfish enjoyment or are attacked before they can gather them for such enjoyment), employs them in the service of Krishna.
18. The ‘Math-dweller’ does not himself deceive others and helps innocent and foolish people by exposing
Source: The Harmonist – Shree Sajjana toshani Vol. XXV, September 1927, Chaitanya-Era 441, No. 4
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