|On the disappearance day of Srila
Jayadev Goswami (13 Jan 2004), The following is an excerpt
from the book "Sri Chaitanya: His Life and Associates" by
Srila Bhakti Ballabh Tirtha Goswami Maharaj.
Jayadeva established the worship of a Narayan deity and
in the waves of love which he felt for this deity, he
began writing Gita-Govinda, with its incomparable ambrosia.
is said that though Jayadeva is responsible for all the
moods and sentiments which appear in the Gita-Govinda,
he had some reticence about writing that Krishna fell
down at Radharani’s feet to beg her forgiveness
when she was angry with him for having deceived her.
that day, when he left the house to take his bath in
the ocean, Lord Jagannath himself came in, disguised
Jayadeva, opened his manuscript and completed the
verse he had started smara-garala-khandanam mama sirasi
with the words dehi pada-pallavam udaram: "Place
the noble sprout of your foot as an ornament on my
dispels the poison of love in separation." (GG
Padmavati was surprised to see her husband back
so soon from his bath and asked, "What are you doing here?
You just left a minute ago." The disguised Jagannath
answered, "I thought of something on my way. I
was afraid I might forget so I came back to write it
Not long after Jagannath had left, the
real Jayadeva returned. This time, Padmavati was
really astonished to see him.
She said, "You just left to go and take your bath.
Just a few moments ago you were writing in your manuscript
and then you left. How could you have finished and come
back so quickly? I am beginning to wonder who that was
and who you are?" Jayadeva was clever enough to guess
what had happened and he went and looked at his unfinished
text and saw the words that the Lord himself had written.
His entire body was covered with horripilation and tears
came pouring from his eyes. He called Padmavati and said
to her, "You are so fortunate. Your life has been
made worthy. You have had the good fortune to see the
Lord himself. I am so lowly that I did not have that
Jagannath’s love for Gita-Govinda
There is a legend told in Jagannath Puri that there
was a flower gardener’s daughter who had learned
Gita-Govinda and would sing it with great emotion.
Jagannath was attracted
by her singing and would go to listen to her, only
returning to the temple after she had finished singing.
day, when the king of Orissa came to see the deity,
he saw that the Lord’s body was covered in
dust and his clothes were filled with thorns. He
asked the pujaris
the reason for the Lord’s disheveled condition,
but no one could explain how it had come about. The
of the deity were afraid that they would be
punished, but that night, Jagannath appeared to the
king in a dream
and explained that no one was to blame for his soiled
condition that day. He had gone to listen to the
daughter and that the dust and thorns had covered
him when in the garden.
The king was astonished to
have received such information
in a dream and he immediately sent for the gardener’s
daughter to be brought to the court in a palanquin.
After making inquiries from her, he decided that
she should sing
for Jagannath in the temple, rather than obliging
the Lord to leave the temple and get all dirty. Ever
time, girls named deva-dasis have been engaged by
the temple to sing Gita-Govinda for Jagannath’s
Many other amazing
and miraculous events surrounded the life of Jayadeva.
He used to serve his deities
Madhava in a trance of divine love. It is said that
just as the devotee dedicates himself to the Lord,
also dedicates himself to his devotee. One day, Jayadeva
was thatch his roof under the unforgiving midday
sun. Jagannath saw the discomfort of his devotee and
decided to help him
finish the work quickly by handing him the rope needed
to bale the straw and removing the finished bundles
and placing them on the roof. Jayadeva thought that
Padmavati who was helping him in this way. But when
he came down from the roof after finishing much earlier
expected, he saw no one there. He asked his wife
and she told him that she had been busy elsewhere at
He was curious about what had happened, but struck
with wonder when he went into the deity room and saw
hands were black from handling the straw. He was
thus able to understand that it was Madhava himself
to help him thatch the roof. He fell down before
his Lord and started to cry.
In the last twelve years of Mahaprabhu’s lila, he
was absorbed in Radha’s mood and constantly relishing
this hidden spirit of love. During this time, he would
savor the songs of the Gita-Govinda.
Svarupa Damodar would sing songs that reflected the
moods of the Lord whenever they arose, while Ramananda
verses from Vidyapati, Chandi Das and Gita-Govinda.
Day and night, Mahaprabhu ecstatically relished the
songs of Chandi Das, Vidyapati and Ramananda Raya’s plays,
as well as Krishna-karnamåta and Gita-Govinda
in the company of Svarupa and Ramananda. (Chaitanya
Jayadeva goes to Vrindavan
After this, Jayadeva wanted to see Vrindavan. He
took leave of the king and queen and then, taking
and Madhava with him, set off on the long journey.
Once in Vrindavan, he began to serve his deities
in a spot near
Keshi Ghat. When they heard Jayadeva sing the Gita-Govinda
in his sweet voice, the residents of the dham were
entranced. One merchant built a large temple for
the deities on that
It is said
that Jayadeva lived in Vrindavan for many years and then returned to his
birthplace in Kendubilva. Each
day, he would make the long walk to the Ganges
to take his bath there. One day, for some reason or another,
he was unable to make it. Ganga Devi was so kind to him that
she came personally to the village of Kendubilva
so that he could take his bath in her waters. It is said that
he died there in Kendubilva and every year a large festival
is held there in his memory on the first day of
month of Magh.
There is a difference of opinions
about where Jayadeva finished his life. Some say Puri,
say that he returned to Kendubilva, and others say
that he went
to Vrindavan. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati
Goswami Thakur has stated his opinion that Jayadeva died
Puri. Though some people say that Jayadeva returned
to Kendubilva to spend his last days, there is no
indication anywhere that his Radha-Madhava deities were
In fact, these deities were taken by the king
of Jaipur to a place named Ghati sometime after Jayadeva’s
death and they are still being served in the
Jaipur area. Jayadeva’s disappearance day is on
the sixth day of the waning moon of the month of Paush.
more articles on a variety of devotional topics
by and about Srila Bhakti Ballabh Tirtha Maharaj
and other Vaishnava authors, kindly visit http://www.sreecgmath.org or
the GOKUL website at http://www.gokul.org
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